Saturday, November 30, 2013

Ethiopian workers forced out of Saudi Arabia


1_2192430November 30, 2013 (Arabia MSN News) — ‘I have witnessed terrible things,’ one young man said at the airport in Addis Ababa after arriving from Saudi Arabia. ‘Saudi youth militias did bad things to us Ethiopians. They killed some of us, they kidnapped and raped women and then killed them as well.’
The man is one of around 50,000 Ethiopians who worked illegally in Saudi Arabia were arrested and deported in recent weeks. The government in Addis Ababa has so far officially confirmed the death of three of its citizens.
‘In the deportation prison they gave us dry biscuits, water and 900 Ethiopian birr spending money [about 35 euros],’ a young woman in the airport terminal said. ‘I was able to buy the pants I’m wearing, otherwise I have nothing. What will become of me?’
The statements of the mostly young men and women who were forced to leave Saudi Arabia are similar. Many told of violence and xenophobia that forced them to leave. Now the returnees said they are worried about their future in Ethiopia, which is still one of the poorest countries in the world.
No one knows how many Ethiopians are living illegally in Saudi Arabia, government spokesman Getachew Reda told DW. The Foreign Ministry in Addis Ababa, estimated the number of returnees to be 80,000, and the number of people deported from Saudi Arabia is expected to grow.
Defenseless migrants
Until now, Ethiopia has only seen a mass exodus of its citizens: Each year, tens of thousands of young girls leave the country to earn their living in Saudi Arabia or in the neighboring Gulf states as maids or babysitters. The labor ministry estimates 200,000 women left the country in search of work in 2012 alone.
Human rights groups, including Amnesty International, and the International Labor Organization have documented how migrant workers are exposed to physical violence, unhealthy working conditions and discrimination in Arab countries. They blame the ‘kafala’ or ‘sponsorship’ system, which, has also been criticized in connection with human rights violations in Qatar, host country of soccer’s 2022 World Cup.
The system requires all foreign unskilled laborers to have a sponsor, generally their employer. Because the employer is responsible for their visa and legal status, workers are at their employer’s mercy. Human Rights Watch recently charged that employers have extraordinary power over the lives of these employees, who thus have no right to organize or bargain collectively.
Dreary jobs for Saudis, too
Behind the recent escalation in the traditionally close relationship between Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia is the high unemployment rate of over 12 percent in the kingdom. The comprehensive campaign against illegal aliens is meant to free up service jobs, which had almost entirely been performed by foreigners, for Saudi citizens. Until recently, there were 9 million foreign workers living among 27 million Saudis.
However, the campaign of deportations quickly spiraled out of control. Deportees reported that the authorities and Saudi citizens had resorted to violence. In Manfuha, the run-down immigrant neighborhood of Riyadh, Ethiopians armed with knives, stones and bottles fought street battles with Saudi youth militias and security forces, leading to deaths on both sides.
One hand doesn’t wash the other
The Ethiopian government is attempting a balancing act between indignation and quiet diplomacy. A demonstration in front of the Saudi Embassy in Addis Ababa was broken up by force. Saudi Arabia is one of Ethiopia’s largest trading partners and investors. Every year thousands of Muslim pilgrims also travel from Ethiopia to Islamic holy sites in Saudi Arabia.
‘Was it not the Prophet himself, who sent his followers into exile in Ethiopia to bring them to safety there?’ enraged Ethiopians asked in chat forums, referring to the historical ties between the two countries. ‘Do you show your gratitude by allowing Ethiopians to be mistreated?’ they asked the Saudi king in a petition.
The mass repatriation is not just a burden on the cash-strapped Ethiopian treasury: The cost of bringing its citizens home is estimated at nearly 2 million euros. The economic damage is likely to be even higher due to the loss of remittances from tens of thousands of Ethiopians abroad, according to Addis Ababa economist Getachew Belete.
‘Every day, ten planes land here with returnees,’ Belete said. ‘Each of these people supported families at home. A worker in Saudi Arabia feeds an average of five family members in Ethiopia.’
In the face of high unemployment, Getachew said he feared many of the returning women could turn to prostitution – social dynamite in deeply religious and conservative Ethiopia.
But a young woman who has just arrived at the airport in Addis Ababa has other plans. ‘We’ll wait for now until the dust has settled, and then we’ll go back to Saudi Arabia, but this time with legal status,’ she said.
The Ethiopian government has imposed a six-month ban on traveling to Saudi Arabia. But like hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians, she prefers the possibility of exploitation and violence in the Middle East to poverty in Ethiopia.

Afaan Publications Event in Washington DC

afaanDear All,
Toltu Tufa, a young Oromo activist from Melbourne, Australia is stepping up to pursue her dream of creating educational text books, posters, flash cards and cartoons to help the Oromo language be passed on to future generations all over the globe by creating quality educational materials for every Oromo child, in every family, in every home . To this end, she is asking our community to show her that Washington DC (DMV) has what it takes to partake in preserving our language. Therefore, you are kindly invited to be part of this campaign happening in our town and show your commitment to the development of our language. For more information, please see the attached Flyer.
When: November 30, 2013 at 2pm
Where: Washington Ethical Society, 7750 16th Street NW Washington, DC

Friday, November 29, 2013

Barataa Sabboonaa Oromoo Yuuniversitii Gondar Keessatti Oromummaan Yakkamee Wareega Kafale.

Maqaa :-Anteeneh Asfawuu Leggesee

Bara Dhaloota isaa:-Fulbaana 1/1983 A.L.H tti.

Bakka Dhalootaa:- Godina Diillaa Aanaa Fissaah Gannat ganda 02.

Barataa Anteeneh Asfawuu LeggeseeBarataan kun akkuma ibsuuf yaalletti barataa Yuuniversitii Gondar,Marketing waggaa 3ffaa kan baratu barri inni yuuniversitii kana seene 2004/2012 yoo tahu kan xumuru waggaa kana 2006/2013 dha. Akkuma beekamu barataan kun guyyaa sadaasa 24/2013barattoota garee isaa department Marketing kan tahan barattoota 60 ol kan tahan waliin bakka Daashan Biiraa jedhamutti yeroo afeerraa godhatanii turani. Haata’u malee afeerraa qaban booda galgala keessaa sa’a 9:00 PM bakka itti afeerraa taasofatan kana irraa gara mooratti kan deebi’an yoo tahu barattootni oromoo addatti wal foo’uudhaan sirboota qabsoo kan dhageessisaa daandii gubbaa irra deemantu ture. Barattootni habashaa ammo iyya garmaleetiin naannoo jeequudhaan namoota daandii irra socho’an ille humnatti gargaaramuudhaan reebuudhaan socho’a akka turaniidha. Tahus barattootni oromoo sirboota qabsoo dhageessisaa daandii irraa yoo socho’an barattootni habashaa kunneen ammo iyyaa hedduu nama rifaasisuun jeequmsa uumanillee boroo Daashan Biiraa bakka bishaan Qahaa jedhamu ce’uudhaan ganda 18 akka gahaniin hidhattoota wayyaanee daandii irratti bobbahan irratti rukuttaa eegalan,hidhattootni wayyaanee kunis ilmaan habashaa jeequmsa uuman kana irratti kan xiyyeefatan osoo hin taanee barattoota oromoo sirba qabsoo dhageessisan kana irratti kan guddaa xiyyeefatanii fi warra ABO(ONEG) faarsu jechuudhaan dhukaasa irratti banana.Barataa adda duree tahee faaruu qabsoo oromoo dhageessisaa  ture barataa Anteneeh Asfawuu jedhamu kana irratti kallattumaan dugda isaa irra rasaasaan reebuudhaan barattoota isa waliin jiranis tamsaasani.Rukutamuun mucaa kanaa galgaluma guyyaa kanaa sa’a 9:30 PM irrattiidha.Kallattuma rasaasaan rukutameen gara Hospitaala mooraa yuuniversitii Gondaritti fudhatani, Hospitaala kanatti yaalamee maal irra akka jirullee dadhabamnaan gara Hospitaala Minilikitti geessani.Barataan kuni Hospitaala kanatti kan lubbuudhaan darbe yoo tahu guyyaa itti aanu Sadaasa 25 barataa du’e kanaan wal qabsiisanii barataan mooraa addatti ammo barattootni oromoo yuuniversitii kanatti argaman hunduu walii galatti baayinni isaanii 3000-4000 kan tahan daandii Hospitaala geessu irratti hiriira bahuudhaan “WE NEED FREEDOM” kan jedhu dhageessisaa turaniiru.
Akkasuma baratooti du’a sabboonticha Oromoo kanaan wal qabsiisee aarii fi dheekkamsa guddaa itti kaasuu irraan akkasumas gaaffii Oromoof deebiin qaama mootummaa irraa dhabamuun wal qabatee qabeenyaa mooraa yuuniversitii sanii kan mancaasan yoo tahu hanga har’aatti ilmaan Oromoo mooraa sana keessatti argamu barataas tahe,barumsa dhaabee, hojjetaas tahe hojii isaa dhaabee,barsiisaa mooraa saniis kan tahe Oromoon barsiisa dhaabee akka jiru yoo tahu ilmaan Habashootaa garuu barumsa isaanii deebi’anii akka jiranii fi tooftaan guyyaa kana uumames ilmaanuma Oromoo tooftaa hin beekamneen ficcisiisuu ture jedha maddi gabaasaa kanaa. Ilmaan Oromoo akkanatti dhiigi dhangala’ee hin hafu, guyyaa eeggata! barumsi nutti  hafee mirga saba keenyaa falmachuuf qabsoo itti fufna  jedhanii barattootni Oromoo hunduu barumsa malee akka jiran gabaasaan addeessa.
Injifannoon Uummata Oromoof!

Wallagga,Annaa Ebantuu Keessatti Diddaa Farra Wayyaanee Kaasaniin Wal Qabatee Sabboontoti Oromoo 40 Ta’an Magaalaa Hindee Keessatti Hidhaan Dararamaa Jiraachuun Beekame.

Gabaasa Sadaasa 29,2013 Naqamte
BilisummaaSabboontoti ilmaan Oromoo godina Wallaggaa Aanaa Eebantuu irraa mootummaan Wayyaanee dhihaa fi hiraarsa daangaa hin qabne gaggeessaa jiraachuu ilaalchisee Oromoonni biyya alaa jirtanii fi kanneen miidhamuu saba ofiif quuqqaa qabdan qaama mirga dhala namaa falmuu fi warren dhaabbotii namoomaatti akka iyyannoo nuu galchisan dhaammanna jedhu Ilmaan Oromoo mana hidhaa Eebantuu keessatti hiraaraa jiran.
Sadaasa 15,2013 irraa kaasee sabboontotiin Oromoo badii tokkoon malee hidhaa laga Abbayyaa mormitan, ABO deggeraa jirtu,sababaa jedhuun Ilmaan Oromoo aanaa Eabaantuu Magaaala Hindee keessaatti dararaa guddaa irraan gahamaa jira.Mucaa wagga 13 osoo hin hafiin aanaa Ebbantuu keessaa walitti qabamanii magaalaa Hindee jedhamutti dararaan daangaa hin qabne irra gahaa jiraachuu gabaasi naannicha irraa nu gahe addeessa.Ammatti maqaan ykn kanneen hidhamuu fi dararaan irra gahaa jiru hanga nama 40 galmeen argame kanneen armaa gadiiti.
Maqaan sabboontota dhiaman kanneen:-
1.Asfaaw Danuu Mucca isaa
2. Meetii Asfaaw umrii waggaa 13 wajjin mana hidhaa jiru!! hojjin daldalaa dha.
3.Darajjee Dhufeeraa
4.Suufaa Galataa
5.Zalaalem Ambessee
6.Jannaa Teessoo
7.Getachoo Siyyum
8.Balaay Galataa kan jedhamaam qotee bultoota dha xaa’oo liqii
fudhattanii kaffaluu diddan  jechuun kan  bara dheera ture offii isaanii nyaatanitti!!
9.Bayyanaa Abbabaa
10.Abdiisaa Garbaa  Barsiisaa
11.Tasfaayee Kinifuu
12.Mokonnoon Takkaleeny
13.Aalamuu Fiqaaduu
14.Tasfaayee Ayyalaa
15.Nagaashi Ambasaa
16.Alamuu Raggaasaa
17.Nagaashi Duubee
18.Firihiwoot Yadataa
19.Kumii Tafarraa
20.Tolaa Nugusee
21.Rabbumaa Gonfaa
22.Aaleem-Tsahaay Fiqaaduu
23.Taddaluu Aabarraa
24.Dhaabaa Gammachuu
25.Magarsaa Gammadaa
26.Gaddisaa Fatansaa
27.Nigaatuu Abeetuu
28.Waajjiraa Dhugumaa
29.Ashabbir Yadataa
30.Musee Jambaree
31.Tashoomaa FayyiSaa
32.Jireenyaa Abarraa
33.Badhaasaa Haayiluu
34.Tamasgeen Bayyanaa
35.Abarraa Likkisaa
36.Magarsaa Guddataa
37.Nugusuu  Abdiisaa
38.Dirribaa Tafarraa
39.Dirribaa Dhinsaa
40.Habtaamuu kan jedhamaan hojjettota misoomaa kan Mootumaa ti.
Fincilii fi gaaffiin sabboontotaa gaaffii mirga lafaa fi eenyummaa Oromoo akkasumas hidhaa laga Abbayyaaf horiin uumata irraa funaanamu daran Oromoo deegatti deemsisaa jiraachuu mormuun gaaffii mirgaa haa kaasan malee qondaaloti Wayyaanee garuu gaaffii isaanii kana ABOn wal qabsiisuun akka yakkamtootaatti sabboontota kana guyyaa 15 oliif dararaa jira.

Garee Bakka Bu’oota Qeerroo Dhiha Oromiyaa Irraa Ibsa Kenname.


Sadaasa 26,2013 Jimmaa

Biyya Oromiyaa keessaatti ajjeechaa garajabinaa Mootummaan Wayyaanee Ummataa Oromoo irratti rawwaacha jiru fi Ajjeechaa suukaneessaa godaantota fi baqatoota Oromoo fi ilman cunqurfamoo lammilee biyyaatti biyya ambaa jiran irratti rawwatama jiruuf itti gaafataman Wayyaanee ta’u Hoggansii qeerroo ibsa baase.
Sadaasa 26/2013 Gareen qindeessitoota Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo biyyaa keessaa Yuunivarsiitiiwwaan:Jimmaa, Mattuu, Wallaaggaa, Wallaggaa Damee Gimbii, Amboo, Amboo Damee Walisoo, Finfinnee, fi Miizaan Teeppii, irraa Walitti dhufuun haala siyaasaa biyyattin walqabatee ajjeechaa Seeraan alaa Mootummaan Wayyaanee biyyaa keessatti yeroo irraa gara yerootti baratoota Oromoo , Ummaata Oromoo fi lammiilee cunqurfamoo irratti fudhacha jiruu fi Ajjeechaa Sukkaneessaa godantoota fi baqatoota Ilmaan Oromoo fi lammiilee cunqurfamoo biyyatti sabaa fi sablamoota biyyota ambaa garaagara jiran irratti rawwatamaa jiruu ilaalchisuun walitti dhufuun marii bal’a erga gaggeesani booda ibsa qabxii 8 qabu dabarsani jiru.
Ibsa Garee qindeessitoota Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo irraa Kenname.
1. Mootummaan Wayyaanee bara baraan ilmaan Oromoo mooraa barnotaa
keessaatti fi halaa garaagaraa keessaatti utuu hin ajjeesin jiraate hin beektu; yeroo amma kanas baratootni Oromoo dhabbilee barnotaa olaanoo irra barachaa jiran ajjeefamaa, dorsifamaa, dararamaa fi biyyaa irra wareerfamuun arii’ama jiru; kanneen bara baraan wayyanee qofaan biyyaa irra arii’ataman kumaan lakka’amu kanneen jiruuf jireenyaan godaansaa seeraan alaaf affeeraman waliin kumota dhibootan kanneen lakka’amanis bulchinsii biyyaa ambaa wayyaanee lammaffaa itti ta’uun ajjeechaan suukaneessaa fi dararamni daangaa hin qabne irraa ga’aa jiraniif itti gafataman mootummaa EPRDF wayyaanee har’a biyya bulchan jira jettu ta’uu ni hubachiifna.
2. Lammiiwwaan keenya baqattoota fi godantota ta’uun biyyota
garaagaraa keessatti ajjechan suukaneessaa irraa ga’aa jiruu fi biyyaa Ethiopia keessatti keessaattuu baratootni Oromoo qabinsa mirga namummaa dhabuun lubbuun isaani akka malee balleeffama jiru fi gochaan suukkaneessaa isan irraa qaqqabaa jiruuf gaddaa guddaa nutti dhaga’ame ibsina. gochaa diinummaa kanas nii balaaleffanna.
3. Ummaanni Oromoo fi ilmaan cunqurfamoo lammiileen biyyaatti gocha suukkanessaa fi ajjechaa gara jabinaan nurraatti gaggeeffama jiruu dhaabsisuuf, falli jiruu mootummaa wayyaanee abba irree mirga keenya sarbee, sarbisiisaa jiru irratti qabsa’uun angoo irraa darbuuf bakka jirruu wal gurmeesinee FDG haa gaggeessinu, sagalee keenyaa addunyaa haa dhageesifnu jechuun wamicha keenya dabarsina.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee Baha Oromiyaa Godina Harargee bahaa aanaa Midaagaa keessatti uummata Sumaalee fi Oromoo walitti buusaa jira.

Sadaasa 29,2013 Gabaasa Qeerroo Dirree Daawa
Wayyaaneen TPLF tooftaa biyya goolu kanneen itti dhimma bahu keessaa tokko sabaa fi sablammiiwwan biyyattii walitti buusuun tokkummaa uummata Impaayera Itoophiyaa keessaa diiguu dha. Haala kana milkeessuuf uummata nagaa walitti buusaa kan ture Baha Oromoo uummata Oromoo fi Sumaalee walitti buusuuf lafa Oromiyaa irraa kutuun uummata Sumaalee qubachiisaa jira. Uummatni Oromoo naannoo daangaa kanaa jiraatan lafti kun keenya jedhanis waraana kumaatamaan bobbaasuun uummata Oromoo irratti miidhaa daangaa hin qabne gaggeessaa jira. Mootummaan wayyaanee yeroo dheeraaf poolisoota federaalaa ” Liyyuu Haayil” jedhaman bobbaasuun uummata Oromoo ficcisiisaa turuun isaa ni yaadatama. Shira mootummaa wayyaanee kanaan dammaquun uummatni nagaa waraan akka waliin jiraatu, daangaa Oromiyaa kabajsiisuuf ammoo wareegama barbaachisaa kaffaluu irraa uummatni Oromoo duuba akka hin deebine qeerroon baha Oromiyaa gabaasee jira.

Thursday, November 28, 2013

Oromoonni Jiraattoti magaala Buraayyuu ta’an qe’ee irraa buqqifaman,Bulchitooti gandaas hojii irraa arihaman.

Sadaasa 28,2013 Finfinnee
OPDO.jpg saamtuuMootummaan Wayyaanee erga aangootti olbahee uummatni Impaayera Itoophiyaa keessaa nagaa waaraa guyyaa takka illee argatee hin beeku. Addatti Wayyaaneen ilmaan Oromoo saamaa, ajjeesaa, hidhaa, qe’ee irraa buqqisaa as gahe. Bara dhumaatii isaa keessas wayyaaneen bittaa umrii koo dheeressa jedhee kan abdatu hidhaa Jumlaa, ajjeechaa fi qe’ee irraa buqqisuun hangafoota. Haalli kunis hammaachuun wayyaaneen uummata nagaa qe’ee irraa buqqisaa jira. Naannoo magaala Finfinnee Buraayyuu keessattis mootummaan wayyaanee ilmaan Oromoo isin lafa mootummaa irratti eeyyama malee lafa ijaarrattanii jirtu jechuun manneen uummataa diiguu irratti argamu. Kanneen kana taasisaa jiran kaadhimamtoota mootummaa wayyaanee TPLF investerootaaf haala mijeessuuf tattaafatan yoommuu tahan uummatni mana isaanii wayita diigamu dura dhaabbannaa taasisaa kanneen turan waraana wayyaaneen reebamuun miidhaa jabaaf saaxilamanii jiran. Magaala Buraayyuu gandawwan shan keessatti manneen diigaman
  1. Ganda Malkaa gafarsaa keessaa manneen diigaman 138
  2. Ganda Lakkuu Kattaa keessaa manneen 76
  3. Ganda Buraayyuu Kattaa keessaa manneen 36
  4. Ganda Gafarsaa Buraayyuu keessaa manneen 100
  5. Ganda Gafarsaa Noonnoo keessaa manneen 40
Kanneen diigaman yoommuu tahu mootummaan wayyaanee investerootatti gurguruuf manneen ilmaan Oromoo diiguu irraa dura dhaabbannaa kanneen taasisaa kanneen turan Obbo Alamaayyoo Baqqalaa fi Obbo Gaarii Birraatuu ganda gafarsaa Buraayyuu keessaa waraana mootummaa wayyaaneen reebamuun miidhaa jabaaf saaxilamanii jiran. Mootummaan wayyaanees namoota uummata waliin bulchinsa tahanii hidhata qaban hojii irraa arii’ee jira. Kanneen hojii irraa arii’aman ganda Lakkuu Kattaa keessaa
Aadde Warqinesh Guddinaa bulchinsa gandaa
  1. Obbo Dabalaa Hojjetaa bulchinsa gandaa keessaa kan arii’ame
  2. Obbo Shimallis Hojjetaa bulchinsa gandaa keessaa kan arii’ame
Ganda Buraayyuu Kattaa keessaa kanneen arii’aman
  1. Aadde Yashii Aliyyee
  2. Shaalaqaa Taammanee
Ganda Malkaa Gafarsaa keessaa kanneen arii’aman
  1. Obbo Tashoomee Bafirduu
  2. Tseggaa Warquu
Ganda gafarsaa noonnoo keessaa kanneen arii’aman
  1. Obbo Kabbadaa bulchisa gandaa
  2. Obbo Tafarii KHR
Mootummaan Wayyaanee bara dhumaatii isaa keessa dhiibbaa gaggeessuu irraa dhaabuu baatus qabsootti jabaachuun furmaata jechuun jirattootni magaala Buraayyuu dhaammatanii jiran.

From slavery to freedom: the Oromo slave children of Lovedale, prosopography and profiles

By Sandra Carolyn Teresa Rowoldt Shell 
A dissertation submitted in fulflment of the requirements 
for the award of the degree of 
Doctor of Philosphy in Historical Studies
Faulty of the Humanities
University of Cape Town, 2013
This thesis is dedicated to the memory, courage and resilience of the Oromo children
In 1888, eighty years after Britain ended its oceanic slave trade, a British warship liberated a consignment of Oromo child slaves in the Red Sea and took them to Aden. A year later, a further group of liberated Oromo slave children joined them at a Free Church of Scotland mission at Sheikh Othman, just north of Aden. When a number of the children died within a short space of time, the missionaries had to decide on a healthier institution for their care.  After medical treatment and a further year of recuperation, the missionaries shipped sixty-four Oromo children to Lovedale Institution in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. From 1890, Lovedale baptised the children into the Christian faith, taught them and trained them. By 1910, approximately one third had died, one third had settled in the Cape of Good Hope, one third had returned to Ethiopia and one had headed for the United States. The present study is a cohort-based, longitudinal prosopography of this group of Oromo slave children, based on the core documentation of the children’s own first passage accounts, supplemented by numerous and varied independent primary sources. This prosopographic technique yielded a profoundly different and more complex picture of their first passage, which emerged as a longer, more intricate and more varied ordeal than hitherto recognised. Boys experienced longer first passages, came from higher altitudes, were sold more times, endured longer periods of enslavement within the domestic system, received harsher treatment, attempted escape more frequently, and had a higher mortality rate throughout their lives. Girls, on the other hand, were rushed to the coast, presumably to expedite the higher prices that young, beautiful, intact Oromo slave women traditionally achieved in the Arabian slave markets. These findings suggest the need for a revision of ideas of the long-term physiological and psychological legacies of the first passage, as well as a re-examination of the much explored topic of mortality following the first passage. Their education at Lovedale established the children as a productive and resourceful cohort. The return of some of them to Ethiopia caused a contretemps on the eve of World War I involving the governments of four countries: the Cape, Britain, Germany and Ethiopia. This story constitutes a unique record and chronology of African slavery, its associated institutions and effects.

“Shame shame shame”; when hypocrisy took over shamefulness


November 28, 2013 | Sole Dink
One could tie, the emphatic chanting seen on the recent protest held in DC against the grueling news of immigrants in Saudi, with emotion. The chanting was “Shame shame shame shame shame on Saudi Arabia!” At a time, more so is humane to focus on the goal of the protest, at least for the sake of immigrants who faced dicey situations, than focusing on the chant. The atrocities inflicted on Ethiopians are enumerable. Thanks to social media, thousands of pictures and video clips have been posted by eye witnesses. It was nerve wrecking to view some of these pictures. What is more nerve wrecking was the fact that, out of tens of thousands other immigrants, Ethiopians are solely receiving the harshest atrocities. Everywhere, Ethiopian refugees receive the worst treatment. Then I asked myself why? Why do Ethiopians disrespected to this extent? Why do we Ethiopians stay being examples of human disgrace?  Why do we have to tail all human civilization? Aren’t we supposed to be the anointed people from the holy land?
As much as I tried to focus on the protest, I could not help asking myself the benignity of the tone of the chanting. Some protests directed towards cursing and naming all Saudis, although not sure if all Saudis have taken part in the atrocities. Triumphant the chanting was, however, one with the glimpse of Ethiopian history could not escape to think mendacity and hypocrisy in the chanting. This is more relevant in the realm of trying to inquire the root cause of the problem.
For many years, we have depicted Ethiopians as a holly Christian country surrounded by savages and adversaries. For centuries, our elites have crafted a misguided and condescending history to brainwash our people; thought us the holiness of our land and the anointment of our people. Our history has been twisted and our realities have covered. We have hushed and numbed to live with 300 years of history without 3 loaves of breads. The superiority has ingrained subconsciously to many us, hindered us to reconcile with our reality. They have advocated how Ethiopians are better than the rest of Africa, mainly based on their skin color and hair texture.
Evidence to this condescending history is the subconscious entitlement reflected on many Ethiopians without due fact. Recent frenzy of social media following the flooding of Saudi Arabia has revealed how many have portrayed the flooding as God’s punishments. Filled with hate and arrogance, many have reduced the work of God to their narrow understanding. If God was, to their take, why would He punish Ethiopia with all these miseries and draught? These sentiments of empty entitlement and superiority are the product of the groups who have ruled the country for over a century.
Ethiopians are abused and tortured more in Ethiopia than anywhere else. No matter how vehemently the elites cling on the misguided history, it is impossible to escape the fact on the ground. The legacy of ruling the country for more than a century is starvations, war, imprisonment, hate, immigration and many more miseries of our people. Today, many Ethiopians are living in destitute, whether it is in Ethiopia or outside. We cannot deny the paradox, the paradox of every Ethiopians dream to lam their “beloved” country. More so are the miseries in rural part of Ethiopia, despised like cursed plaque, the farmer along with his Ox, plough the deserted land to prolong the breath of his families. These could only be true, had his land have not grabbed and sold to enrich the pockets of the few.
Coming back to the ranting at the protest, it is more of the phrase ‘Like father, like son’. Ask a legitimate question, who should deserve all these tantrum of“SHAME”? The elites who have ruled the country to its destitute or the Saudis? Ethiopians who engage on dehumanizing and torturing their own people or the Saudis? The hypocrisy is more obvious when the ranting lacks the sincerity to admit the wicked history and when they thrive to bring the old rotten ideology that has brought us to these problems at the first place. Even today, these elites manipulate the rest to capitalize on their agenda. They use innocent Ethiopians to bring their hidden goals. Evidently, the recent incidence at DC protest makes the intention of the protest more questionable. what makes the situation more revealing, was when the rest immediately with no due diligence, has echoed the ranting. “Shame” with its emphatic tone has passed over. However, what most failed to ask was who really deserve the word? Again, indicating how brainwashed these flocks are.
This writing is not to legitimize the atrocities inflicted on immigrants in the Middle East nor is it to criticize the behavior and beliefs of Saudis. The writing is my take on reiterating the direction of our grievance and to indicate how disconnected our history from our daily reality is. The root causes of our problems are not Arabs or any other country for that matter. We are the root cause. Unless otherwise we start admitting our own problems, no lasting solutions can be reached.
This last weekend was another heart wrecking story. It was the weekend where many Ethiopians unleashed their hate against Oromos. This dehumanizing incidence ignited following the appearance of video clip, showing Oromo’s protesting the atrocity in Saudi Arabia. Soon after the video surfaced, the ecstasy of rage took over social media. It is hard to describe some of the derogatory words that were used by these people. Some have tempted to rule over the fate of Oromo’s while others decide on their very existence, again arrogance and ignorance took over their judgments.
tigree2013Not sure what makes this incident different, for many years now, Oromos have protested alone. If not looking for reasons to dehumanize them, Oromos have always said “we are not Ethiopians”. What these Ethiopians failed to understand is, for many years, Oromo’s have refuted the identity of Ethiopianism, for the very reason of hate, belittling, and dehumanization inflicted on them. It is hard today to find a single conscious Oromo proudly calling himself an Ethiopian. His/her Ethiopianism has stripped off. Today, Oromos have distant themselves from Ethiopians in most aspect of their life. In North America, the distance can clearly be seen. In Every American city, Oromos have their own community center. Big or not, Oromos have different churches and worship center. Every year, when Ethiopians hold soccer tournament, Oromos hold their own soccer tournament.
No video clip could justify the derogatory words used against Oromos. The dehumanization underscores the deep hidden hate these people have for Oromos. Preaching for unity while unleashing this kind of hateful words hinders the already compromised unity among people.
Between Ethiopia and Oromos, the crack has widened, the difference has demarcated, but those who failed to see the distinctions still dreams to live the past life. Every day atrocities of these kinds attribute to the widening of the cracks and the gaps. Time and again, Oromo’s clearly understood the impossible, the fruitless hope of trying to live with these people harmoniously and respectfully. The paradox of these people, screaming vainly for unity while unleashing irrevocable hate, has prevailed. Short memory of the campaign done on the name of Oromo First on Jawar Mohamed and his friends followed by “Chaltu ende Helen” of Tesfaye Gebreab has proven these reality.
Today most Oromos, men and women, young and old, have understood what is in the stake. It has long since these anguish of hate and atrocities led Oromos to attest to their identity of Ethiopianism. For the few Oromos, who still live under the dream of the rotten ideology, it will not be long before they get on the swagon. Sooner or later, the filth of hate will splash them on the face.

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Uummanni Oromoo Jiraattoti magaala Buraayyuu qe’ee irraa buqqifaman,Bulchitooti Gandaas Hojii Irraa Arihaman

Sadaasa 28,2013 Finfinnee
Mootummaan Wayyaanee erga aangootti olbahee uummatni Impaayera Itoophiyaa keessaa nagaa waaraa guyyaa takka illee argatee hin beeku. Addatti Wayyaaneen ilmaan Oromoo saamaa, ajjeesaa, hidhaa, qe’ee irraa buqqisaa as gahe. Bara dhumaatii isaa keessas wayyaaneen bittaa umrii koo dheeressa jedhee kan abdatu hidhaa Jumlaa, ajjeechaa fi qe’ee irraa buqqisuun hangafoota. Haalli kunis hammaachuun wayyaaneen uummata nagaa qe’ee irraa buqqisaa jira. Naannoo magaala Finfinnee Buraayyuu keessattis mootummaan wayyaanee ilmaan Oromoo isin lafa mootummaa irratti eeyyama malee lafa ijaarrattanii jirtu jechuun manneen uummataa diiguu irratti argamu. Kanneen kana taasisaa jiran kaadhimamtoota mootummaa wayyaanee TPLF investerootaaf haala mijeessuuf tattaafatan yoommuu tahan uummatni mana isaanii wayita diigamu dura dhaabbannaa taasisaa kanneen turan waraana wayyaaneen reebamuun miidhaa jabaaf saaxilamanii jiran. Magaala Buraayyuu gandawwan shan keessatti manneen diigaman
  1. Ganda Malkaa gafarsaa keessaa manneen diigaman 138
  2. Ganda Lakkuu Kattaa keessaa manneen 76
  3. Ganda Buraayyuu Kattaa keessaa manneen 36
  4. Ganda Gafarsaa Buraayyuu keessaa manneen 100
  5. Ganda Gafarsaa Noonnoo keessaa manneen 40
Kanneen diigaman yoommuu tahu mootummaan wayyaanee investerootatti gurguruuf manneen ilmaan Oromoo diiguu irraa dura dhaabbannaa kanneen taasisaa kanneen turan Obbo Alamaayyoo Baqqalaa fi Obbo Gaarii Birraatuu ganda gafarsaa Buraayyuu keessaa waraana mootummaa wayyaaneen reebamuun miidhaa jabaaf saaxilamanii jiran. Mootummaan wayyaanees namoota uummata waliin bulchinsa tahanii hidhata qaban hojii irraa arii’ee jira. Kanneen hojii irraa arii’aman ganda Lakkuu Kattaa keessaa
Aadde Warqinesh Guddinaa bulchinsa gandaa
  1. Obbo Dabalaa Hojjetaa bulchinsa gandaa keessaa kan arii’ame
  2. Obbo Shimallis Hojjetaa bulchinsa gandaa keessaa kan arii’ame
Ganda Buraayyuu Kattaa keessaa kanneen arii’aman
  1. Aadde Yashii Aliyyee
  2. Shaalaqaa Taammanee
Ganda Malkaa Gafarsaa keessaa kanneen arii’aman
  1. Obbo Tashoomee Bafirduu
  2. Tseggaa Warquu
Ganda gafarsaa noonnoo keessaa kanneen arii’aman
  1. Obbo Kabbadaa bulchisa gandaa
  2. Obbo Tafarii KHR
Mootummaan Wayyaanee bara dhumaatii isaa keessa dhiibbaa gaggeessuu irraa dhaabuu baatus qabsootti jabaachuun furmaata jechuun jirattootni magaala Buraayyuu dhaammatanii jiran.

Barataan Oromo Marketing Waggaa 3ffaa Yuunivarsiitii Gondar keessatti Ajjeefamee fi Kanneen Kaan Hidhamuun Gaaffii Mirgaa Barattootaa Duubatti Hin Deebifne,FDG Dhaadatnoo” WE NEED FREEDOM” Jedhuun Itti Fufe.‏

Sadaasa 27,2013 Gabaasa Qeerroo Uni,Gonder
OromiaALutaContinua2011FDGWaraanni Wayyaanee TPLF Yuunivarsiitiiwwanii fi nanneen barnoota biyyattii keessa jiran rasaasaan tiksuu kan eegale umrii yeroo bittaa Wayyaanee waliin wal gita. Yuunivarsiitii Gondar keessattis waraanni Wayyaanee rasaasaan barattoota tiksu barataa Oromoo Anteenee Asfaw barataa Marketing waggaa sadaffaa rasaasaan kan ajjeesan yoommuu tahu barattootni gamtaan Bilisummaa barbaadna” WE NEED FREEDOM” dhaadannoo jedhu dhageessisuu irratti argaman.
Mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaaneen humnaan diddaa kana dura dhaabbachuuf yaaluun barattoota hedduumminaan mana hidhaatti ukkaamsus yeroo ammaa kana barattootni daran diddaa jabeessuun barattootni kanneen hidhaman haa hiikaman jechuun sagalee isaanii dhageessisuu irratti argamu. Qondaalotii fi bulchitooti Mootummaan Wayyaanees kutannaa barattootaan kan baarage gaaffiiwwan mirgaa kana kaastu taanaan nyaata isin dhorkina jedhus barattootni Oromoo gamtaan dhaadannoo hidhamtootni haa hiikaman jedhu yuunivarsiitiilee keessatti maxxansuun diddaa itti fufanii jiran. Ilmaan Oromoo marti, barattootni hundi carraan rasaasaan ajjeefamuu waan nu eeggatuuf akka mirga ofii mirkanfachuuf ka’anis Qeerroon Yuunivarsiitii Gondar dhaammatanii jitan.

Anaa dhufuu barattoota Haarawaa Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa Irratti Qeerroon dhaamsa walii dabarsuun barattoota simate

Sadaasa 27,2013 Haromaya.
picture2Wayyaaneen TPLF  bittaa umrii isaa dheereffachuuf waan inni dalagaa ture ummata biratti guutuuttu balaaleffatamaa fi jibbiinsa horataa kan as gahe ta’uun beekama qaami hawaasaa hundii fi keessattuu dargaggoota Oromoon guutummaan dura dhaabbatamaa as gahe.Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa mooraa guddaa keessatti anaa dhufuu barattoota haaraa ilaalchisuun barattootni Oromoo sagalee diddaa dhageessisanii jiran. Barattoota haaraawaafis dhaamsa qeerroo waliin hiriiruu dabarsanii jiran. Qophii dhiyaateen walleewwan gootummaa fi sirbootni qabsoo kanneen akka sirba Eebbisaa Addunyaa sirbamanii jiran. Barattootni haaraan seenanis qophii qeerroon Yuunivarsiitii haramaayaa dhiyeesseen hedduu boonanii jiran. Qeerroowwan yuunivarsiitii kanaa diddaawwan mootummaa wayyaanee dhiphisan gaggeessaa as gahuun isaaniis ni yaadatama.
Gama kaaniin barruuleen warraaqsaa barattoota haarayaa dhufan kan kakaasuu fi dammaqsu garee qindoomina Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Haromaayaan akka raabsamaa fi maxxanfamaa ture gabaasi qeerroo ni addeessa.

Through Oromiyaa’s Lens: Focusing on the Greatest Oromo Generation

By Leenjiso Horo* | November 2013
The years 1950s-1980s were the birth years of the greatest Oromo generation.  It was and still is the greatest generation as those generations that established the Gadaa system as well as the generation that fought in the defense of Oromiyaa against the Abyssinian colonialists, who was aided by the European powers of the time, among which were Great Britain, Czarist Russia, Switzerland, Italy, France, Khedive Ismail of Egypt and etc. The major factors that helped the Abyssinians in the conquest of Oromiyaa were summarized by Earl Lytton in his book The Stolen Desert as follow:
“Menelik seems to have operated with French technicians, French mapmakers, French advice on the management of a standing army, and more French advice as to holding captured province with permanent garrisons of conscripted colonial troops. The French also armed his troops with firearms and did much else to organize his campaigns.  The Galla (Oromo) were thus conquered by Habasha for the first time in recorded history. Without massive European help, the Galla (Oromo) would not have been conquered at all.”
The second factor, probably the most important one, that helped Abyssinians in the conquest of Oromiyaa, in addition to the above mentioned, was the decline of the Gadaa System and with it, the weakening of the central national leadership – the national Office of Abbaa Bokkuu/President and the national Chaffee/parliament – that oversee the security of the nation, and mobilize the nation and the army to defend the country in a case of an outside threat.  With the weakening of the national leadership, the periodic change of the Gadaa leadership in every eight years at every level was interrupted.  As a consequence, the regional Abbaa Duulaa’s stayed in power longer than a periodic term limit of eight years.  In the process, some of them became wealthy and powerful personalities, and used their wealth to raise their own army, and used the army to control more land. Then, through time, they gained political influence over the people in their regions.  Finally, using wealth, military power, and political influence, some of the Abbaa Gadaa’s usurped the power of the Gadaa office, and declared themselves kings in their respective regions.  With this, many kingdoms appeared for the first time in the history of the Oromo people, and the elective office of Gadaa officials became hereditary succession of the Kings’ and Queens’ families. With this, the Oromo people lost the right to elect their leaders. Hence, the establishment of kingdoms put to an end to the government of people, by the people, for people and from the people.  Not only this, some of these kingdoms became rivalries of each other.  Despite this, still others in other parts of Oromiyaa remained under Abbaa Duulaa’s.  However, each of them was not strong enough to defend its region.  Because of this, each of them was defeated separately one by one – region by region by the colonizing army of Menelik II of Abyssinia.
The third factor that helped, encouraged, enabled, and facilitated the condition for the conquest of Oromiyaa was the collaboration of some Oromo leaders with king Menelik of Abyssinia – the sworn enemy of our people and country.  The collaborators always gave aid and comfort, guidance, and inspiration to the enemy for the conquest of their own country.  Furthermore, cooperation with an enemy occupying force in one’s country weakens the nation and exposes it to the enemy.  It must be clear, therefore, doing business of any form or shape or association with an enemy of one’s people is a betrayal of one’s country, of one’s people, and a betrayal of the cause and the trust of one’s people.  In the conquest of Oromiyaa, it was those Oromo nationals – who collaborated and cooperated with Menelik – who weakened the Oromo nation and so became a vehicle for the conquest.
From the foregoing, it is clear, the Oromo people were conquered by the combined forces of Europeans and Abyssinians; the decline of the Gadaa political system and, with it, the absence of a collective national leadership, and, finally, the collaboration and cooperation of some Oromo political leaders with the enemy.  The Europeans, who provided superior modern firepower as well as military strategists and political advisors to King Menelik II, had played a major part in the conquest.  It was a war of many nations conducted against one nation – the Oromo nation.  The heroic Oromo national figures, among many, who fought against the Abyssinian colonial wars of conquest, were: Roobaa Bultum, Leenjisoo Diigaa, and Suufaa Kusoo in Arsii; Tufaa Munaa in Tuulamaa (Central Oromiyaa); Abishee Garbaa and Mootii Jotee Tulluu in Wallaggaa; Bal’aa Buubaa, Baker Waaree, Ibroo Shaxaa, Yaayyaa Alii Siree, Mul’ataa Mudee, and Emir Abdullahi Hussein, (Harari) in Harargee; Shaykh Tolaa in Wolloo, and so on.  With the conquest, the colonizer denied the Oromo people national leadership. It not only denied national leadership, but also regional and local leadership.  Hence, the Oromo nation had been without national leadership for over a century.  The lack of the national leadership was ended with the establishment of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) in 1973.
The birth of the greatest Oromo generation of leadership
The 1950s-1980s were the birth years of the greatest Oromo new generation of leadership.  For the first time since the colonization, the 1950s-1980s generation collectively took an unparalleled national commitment together to struggle for the independence of Oromiyaa.  In this commitment, this greatest generation declared in its Political Program that it shall fight unto death without fear of peril.  Its Political Program is not abstract and vague, but it is concrete and a well defined program.  With this, it established a political organization – the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), the organization with a clear vision, goal, objective, strategy, tactics and mass participation.  The OLF is a pan-Oromo political organization.  Its Political Program says the goal of struggle is the liberation of Oromiyaa and the establishment of Democratic Republic of Oromiyaa.  For this, the greatest generation promised to its people to fight in the fields, in the streets, in the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and villages of Oromiyaa.  It promised the Oromo nation that it shall never surrender the struggle for the establishment of the sovereign independent state of Oromiyaa.  Indeed, it was and still is a generation united by firmness of mind and common purpose – independence of Oromiyaa, and by common values: great heart, courage, patriotism, duty, country, responsibility, and honor, sacrifice, and commitment.  It was and still is a generation of shared vision and action.  The men and women of this greatest Oromo generation united, organized, and raised consciousness of their people who had been divided by the colonial authorities for over a century.  They have done these, not for fame, glory, or recognition, but for the love of their people and country.  They were and still are nationalists of great heart, determination and courage.  They laid out a clear mission statement to lead on the nation to independence and firmly adhered to it without vacillation.
In this national liberation struggle of ours, thousands of this greatest generation’s members had sacrificed their lives, and thousands more are languishing in the Ethiopian Empire’s concentration camps, and still more thousands are fighting in the terrains and valleys of Oromiyaa.  These sacrifices were and are not for federalization of Ethiopia, nor for democratization of it, but for the liberation of Oromiyaa and for the establishment of the national political power in it.  Having established the national political power, then it is up to the Oromo people alone, as it is stated in the OLF Political Program to decide, as a free and independent people, whether to re-join with other nations and nationalities in some form of arrangement to live together or to opt to live independently as free, independent sovereign state of Oromiyaa living side by side with their neighbors in peace, harmony, brotherhood and sisterhood.
Hence, it is clear that these men and women shared and worked toward a common purpose – independence of Oromiyaa.  In this struggle they stood as one.  They spoke as one.  They clenched their fists as one declaring “bilisummaa, freedom.”  They sung the Oromo songs, “Alaabaa Oromoo olqabaa kaasaa,” “Alaabaa Oromiyaa ibsituu dukkanaa,” and “Alaabaa Oromiyaa alaabaa biyya tiyyaa”together as one, in one voice.  It is a generation that lightened the darkness and opened up the bright future.  It is because of this greatest Oromo generation, today the light of freedom is shining brightly over Oromiyaa.  This struggle began without money – without arms – without friends – without ammunition; and this was the situation when the contest began.
It was and still is the best and brightest Oromo generation.  The members of this generation have carried and still carrying the torch of light in their hearts.  They were and still are greatest men and women who stood and still standing tall in the face of adversity and difficulty. They are nationalists of courage in doing what is right regardless of the circumstances. In the struggle, they said what they meant and meant what they said.  Here, what this generation has in common is: a simple truth that there has been and still is a complete harmony of its thought, its words and its action.  This means its thought is in correspondence with what it says and does.  It is a generation that has spoken and still speaks in no uncertain language or phrase about the need for independence.  It is a generation that has refused to change its political position as a rapid wind continues changing its directions.  Because, in this generation, there were and still are greatest men and women who utilized/utilize reason and logic to enable them to view situation they faced/face objectively, and thus responded to them in a rational way.  The names of the heroic members of this greatest Oromo generation, among the thousands who passed away and martyred, are the following: General Waaqoo Guutuu, General Taddassaa Birruu, Elemoo Qilxuu, Muhee Abdoo, Haji Roobalee Turee, Gazaahenyi Kaassaahun, Kabbadaa Damissee, Yiggazuu Waaqee, Haaji Adam Saaddoo, Haaji Adam Jilo, Mammoo Mezamir, Dr. Haile Fidaa, Baaroo Tumsaa, Abdulahi Yusuf, Sheek Bakri Saphalo, Qees Guddinna Tumsaa, Magarsaa Barii(C), Saanyaa Argoo, Col. Alamuu Qixeessaa, Ahmed Bunaa (nom de guerre: Goota Bobbaasi), Col. Hailuu Raggaasaa, Jaarraa Abbaa Gadaa, Guutamaa Hawas, Mul’isi Abbaa Gadaa, Nadhii Gammadaa, Hayle Maariyam Gammadaa, Laggasee Wagii, Sisaay Ibsaa, Dr. Sheekh Mohammad Rashaad Abdullee, Sheekh Muusaa Baatii, etc.
The Oromo women in the Oromo liberation army
The Oromo women of the greatest Oromo generation in revolutionary Oromiyaa have been playing significant roles in the national liberation struggle.  Since the occupation of Oromiyaa, the Oromo women have been resisting the occupying forces.  Specially, with the establishment of the Oromo Liberation Front, the Oromo women have become very active.  Some of them joined the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), many remained passionate supporters.  Those women who joined the Front underwent extensive training in arms and instructions in weapon and combat techniques from their peers.  Then, they were enlisted in the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) as guerrilla fighters to fight to drive out Abyssinian colonialists.  Ever since the establishment of the OLF, they have been playing key roles in it as leaders, as political cadres, as commandos, as security officers, as guerrilla fighters and commanders, as nurses, and as artists in the Oromo Liberation Army.  The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) is the armed wing of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) fighting against the Ethiopian/Abyssinian colonial occupation.  After the training, the women picked up guns and went to the mountains and hills of Oromiyaa to fight the enemy.  They engaged in gun fighting, including hand-to-hand combat, with the colonial army. Indeed, the Oromo women rose up to smash the shackles of Abyssinian colonialism that bound the nation for so long in humiliation.  This marked the beginning of the arrival of the new generation of the Oromo women freedom fighters.  Here are the names of a few nationalist Oromo women commanders and fighters in the Oromo Liberation Army:
1. Saartuu Yusouf
2. Ibsituu Magarsaa
3. Oromiyaa Mohammad
4. Aayyaantuu Daagaa
5. Dursituu Boranaa
6. Kuulanii Boruu
7. Iftuu Hundee (Na’imaa Sheika)
8. Daraartuu Roobaa (Faxumaa Sh. Jamal)
9. Obsituu Obsaa (Zubeyda Abdulee)
10. Kuuloo Jaalataa
11. Iftuu Mohammed
12. Ayyaantuu Boruu (Faxumaa Muftii)
13. Siranee Obsaa
14. Leeliftuu Leelisaa
15. Iftuu Yaadataa
16. Handaartuu Ibsaa
17. Hawwii Asafaa
18. Jibbanii Dhuunfaa
19. Juukii Bareentoo (a member of Central Committee)
20. Arbii Miilii
21. Asili Oromoo
22. Aradoolaa Abdallaa
23. Kadijjaa Abdullee (nom de guerre: Ragaatuu Robaa)
24. Caaltuu Sabaa
25. Waarituu Dhaabaa
26. Lalisee Nadhii
27. Kuuloo Caalaa
28. Murattuu Dalloo
29. Burqituu Waabee
30. Qananii Halloo
32. Daran Mohammad
33. Obsee Ayyaana.
34. Gammachiiftuu Urfo
35. Falamtuu Bulee
36. Boontuu Abdii
37. Boharsituu Obsaa
38. Taliilee Bareentoo, and et cetera.
Saartuu Yusouf was the first woman who joined OLA in 1976 and was the first woman combatant killed while fighting the enemy in 1977.  Juukii Bareentoo was a highly admired freedom fighter.  Both Saartuu and Juukii were martyred in the fight for freedom of their people.  Juukii was martyred in 1984.  These revolutionary nationalist women fought with courage, self-sacrifice and with exceptional bravery for nothing less than the independence of Oromiyaa.  Among the above names, some were martyred, and others are still alive and in the struggle.
The Oromo women were and still are freedom fighters of Oromiyaa; the warriors for independence.  They are fearless, ferocious fighters both in political and armed struggle.  As guerrilla fighters, they have undertaken military operation, attacking military installations, police outposts, killing the enemy, and capturing arms and ammunition.  In these ways, the heroic Oromo women have shattered a common misconception at a point of time which led many to believe that freedom fighters just had to be men, and women only stay in the kitchen.  A freedom fighter is a freedom fighter regardless of gender; a soldier is a soldier regardless of gender; A politician is a politician regardless of gender; an artist is an artist regardless of gender, and etc.  The Oromo women have been and are in all these fields and more.  The courage, the determination, the commitment and self-confidence of these Oromo women freedom fighters in combat are awakening the patriotic spirit of the Oromo men and women today.  The nation has to tap into this section of the society.  These Oromo women fighters stand distinguished in the light of their heroism, courage, and bravery.  For their heroism, courage, bravery, and commitment, they have been and are admired, respected, honored and crowned by their peers and the Oromo nation with the undying fame and glory.
The need for women revolutionary armed wing within OLA
Now, it is time for the Oromo nationalists to establish a Women guerrilla wing or unit in the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) that involves in the political and armed struggle, and at the same time, involves in the awakening of Oromo women’s revolutionary political consciousness.  In our national struggle, we need Oromo women in the political bureau and in the Central Committee.  In military wing, it is vitally important to put women too as commanders of divisions, where most decisions are made.  All successful liberation movements known in history had done this, and all failed ones had not done this. It is easier for women to politicize, mobilize, recruit, and organize women. The establishment of such women fighting force will change forever for the first time in the history of the Oromo national struggle ushering a new era of women’s full participation in the war of national liberation, and in political and military decision making in the affairs of the nation.  We have to bring about this change in our struggle.  Half of the cross-section of our society is women, and half is men.  Liberation can only be successful when both cross-sections of the society fully participate in the struggle for national liberation. For this, it is time to make both to stand shoulder-to-shoulder in arms fighting in this historical war of national liberation against the colonialist occupying army.
Of course, not all women supporters of Oromo independence are guerrilla fighters. The Oromo women heroines in the liberation struggle include those women who have been and still are supporting freedom fighters with food, shelter, funds; who nursed the wounded, the sick, and hid weapons, provide information about the enemies, and those who have willingly given their sons and daughters to fight in the war of national liberation. This includes those who participate in demonstrations, rallies and in political work.  From the very beginning, the Oromo women supported the struggle.  Because of this, many women risked imprisonment, torture, and death.  These women are the mothers of freedom fighters.  Oromo women participated in gathering intelligence and information, in recruitment, and in harassment of collaborators and in making fun of loyalists of the empire (as the Oromo nationals in Calgary, Canada, and Columbus, Ohio, in USA exposed the ODF – the collaborator, exemplifies), and much better in moral boosting and encouragement for the freedom fighters. History has shown time and again that patriotic women always subject cowards, passive spectators, and the enemy collaborators to public humiliation than men.
In general, the 1950s-1980s were and are heroic men and heroic women who single-mindedly resolved to fight to liberate Oromiyaa or to die. In this struggle, many died, and many are still alive. Since the beginning of colonization, Oromo nationals have been struggling selflessly and gloriously, banishing all ignoble thoughts and ideas of betraying their country, their people, their comrades, and theirKaayyoo/objective of the struggle from their minds. For these, all eyes in Oromiyaa have been and still are turned to them. On them depends the voyage and direction of the voyage and the defeat of TPLF colonist barbarians.  For these, the names of these heroic men and women will remain honored for the generations to come as the freedom fighters for the independence of Oromiyaa.
The Struggle, the sacrifice, and national identity
By now, we should be familiar with the three historic events that took place in 1966 and in 1980. The two events were in 1966 and one was in 1980. The first two meetings were the Maccaa-Tulamaa Association (MTA) public gatherings in the towns of Itayyaa and in Dheeraa, both in Arsii, in 1966. The Itayyaa mass gathering was on May 15, 1966.  It was organized by Ahmad Buna (nom de guerre: Goota Bobbaas as a member of the OLF leadership and as a fighter in the OLA), a member of MTA and one of the founding members and leaders of the OLF. The attendance was estimated to be over hundred thousand peasants from across the region. The keynote speakers at the gathering was Haji Robalee Turee, one of leaders of MTA, a well-versed and a leading oral historian, a gifted orator, a great patriotic Oromo nationalist, and visionary.  It has been said that Haji Robalee Turee had made a historical speech, a speech reminding the public about King Menelik II’s genocidal conquest of Hararge, his committed mass extermination known as Calii Calanqoo at Calanqoo, the conquest of Arsii by reminding about the mutilation of breasts of women and the right hands of men and children at Aannoolee, and the mass extermination committed at Azule, where a mountain of piled up bones are still found today, and the Abyssinian use of smallpox as a biological warfare to annihilate the population of Arsii. The use of smallpox against the people severely weakened the Arsii population.  It was said that Haji Robalee told the public at the gathering that, after the people were weakened by the spread of smallpox through the population, the Abyssinian conquerors led by king Menelik II took advantage of the condition and went on a killing spree of the population without even sparing women, children, and old.  It was the Abyssinian war of genocide against the people of the region.  Coupled with these were the looting and destruction of property, rape, and murder.  In this new attack, crops were destroyed, and hundreds of thousand of herds of livestock were looted and driven off back to Abyssinia.  Hereafter, colonial military administration was imposed upon the remaining population and the land.  With this, Arsii Oromo lost their independence and humiliated as all Oromo in all regions of Oromiyaa.  Upon the surrender of Arsii, the Abyssinian conquers implemented a scorched to earth policy – a punitive destruction of socio-political, economic, cultural and military structure of the Gadaa System so as to break down the will of the people from rising again to fight as well as to disrupt and destroy the normal life of the population.  On the sight of Galma Abbaa Gadaa’s, the garrison towns were built so as to erase the memory of that institution from the minds of the colonized people.  After the conquest, the Oromo Arsii was legally barred from owning a piece of land and so they were turned into “gabar“/tenant.  With this, the Abyssinian conquerors erected or established master-serf relationship in Arsii.  Hence, the colonial conquest opened the door to the darkest chapter in the history of Arsii and the rest of Oromo in which the Oromo nation still today found itself.
It was said that Haji Robalee Turee told the public that it was the lack of unity of the Oromo leaders of the time that gave the opportunity for the Abyssinians in the conquering of Oromiyaa.  It was said thatHaji Robalee Turee, in that gathering, called upon all Oromo to unite in order to drive away the colonialists so as to recover their lost independence.  Among lines of his speech that stands out to-date is the line that is often quoted that reads, “Streams join together to form a river, people also join together to be a nation to become a country.”  This is a daring and profound political statement of the time.  As it is clear, this was a call for unity and struggle for the liberation of the nation, and the establishment of independent country – Oromiyaa.  This statement was made at a dark time when it was a crime and punishable by death to speak about Oromo unity and forming of their own country.  Indeed,Haji Robalee Turee was a revolutionary patriot of the time.  He was a daring figure and passionate Oromo nationalist.  Even today, after forty eight years of Haji Robalee Turee’s call for unity and struggle for independence, we are still calling for the same unity to liberate the nation and establish independent country – Oromiyaa.  It is time now to practically implement this unity.  The responsibility for it is still solely rests on the shoulders of the greatest Oromo generation that started the national liberation struggle for independence, in the first place.  This greatest generation is the pillar of the struggle for independence of Oromiyaa.  It should be an iron pillar.  If this greatest generation fails to firmly and strongly unite, the struggle will fail to achieve its objective and the life of colonial occupation will be extended.
The second meeting was in the town of Dheera.  The Dheera public gathering was on October 15, 1966.  It was a very significant one and a turning point, and it set a milepost for the future Oromo national liberation struggle.  It has been said tens of thousands Oromo nationals of different religious faiths from across different regions of Oromiyaa were converged at Dheera, despite the regime’s erected barriers to stop the gathering.  At this mass gathering, the keynote speaker was General Taddasaa Birruu.  The General was said to have made an emotionally arousing speech on various topics, including education, health, roads, communication, poverty, landholding system, exploitation, unity, the right of the people, self-reliance, etc.  As it has been said, the General specially spoke extensively at length on the unity and self-reliance.  It has also been said that the General told the public that all of them are Oromo and that what runs through their veins is the Oromo blood; that they breathe the air of their country; that they walk on their land and that they till their land, but they do not control it. It was said the General went on saying that you do not take home the fruits of your labor.  Note, this speech was made during the time when the Oromo peasants were legally obligated to transfer 75% of what they produce to the absentee colonial landlords who lived in the cities.  It was said that the General cautioned the public that if the condition continues indefinitely, a time may come when one may not even be able to find a burial place.  In that public gathering, the General called upon the Oromo people to rise up, stand up and stand together as one people in order to recover and control their own land and their own destiny.
Furthermore, it has also been said that the General went on reminding the people that they pay land tax, but no roads; that they pay health tax, but no clinics and hospitals; and that they pay education tax, but no schools for their children.  Having discussed all these, it has been said the General finally disclosed the political objective of the Association to be the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Oromo people.
Note this speech was made during the turbulent time in the Rift Valley.  It was a serious conflict between the regime and the people in the region.  It was a time when rich  individuals were grabbing land in the Rift Valley region as the demand for haricot beans or “boloqqee” in the world market soared because of its shortage, and the consequence of worldwide surge in its price.  The Rift Valley is well-known for its high yielding of haricot beans or Navy beans.  Haricot beans are rich in protein, folic acid, iron, B complex, magnesium and potassium.  Magnesium is a good source of cholesterol-lowering fiber, and it controls blood-sugar disorder; potassium is good in lowering blood pressure and etc.  For these, haricot beans have high demand globally.  In order to reap the benefit of high price, the Abyssinian colonial regime told millions of the people living in Rift Valley to leave the region, and go to Bale in order to use this region for farming of haricot beans with a modern means of farming.  It was actually a time when tractors invaded the region.  The land was given to rich Nafxanyas and to their children who graduated from Haramaya University and from American and European universities with degree in agriculture.  The Development Bank was instructed to finance those who want to invest in the farming of haricot beans.  The farming of haricot beans was a lucrative business of the time.  At the time, Ras Mesfin Sileshi was‘Enderasse’/Governor General of the Shawa Province, representing the Emperor to whom Rift Valley “belonged.”  To appeal about the eviction of the population from their land, elders were chosen from the region and sent to Finfinnee/Addis Ababa to appeal to Mesfin Sileshi to reverse the eviction. The elders were followed with thousands of peasants to Finfinnee.  It has been said that, having heard their appeal, “Ras Mesfin Sileshi, pulled a pencil out of his pocket.  Pointed it to the elders and angrily spoke.  This pencil is mine; it belongs to me; I can keep it, if I want to.  I can throw it away, if I want to; I can sell it, if I want to.  I can give it to you, if I want to.  But, you do not have right to complain about what belongs to me.  Similarly, the land belongs to the government.  If government asks you to leave, you must leave; if government allows you to stay, you stay.  Government can do whatever it wants to do with its land.”  Having heard the negative response to their appeal, one of the elders was said to have asked RasMesfin Sileshi this: “Sir, we understand as you said this pencil is yours now, but before it became yours, to whom did it belong? And in what way did it come to your possession?  You said the land belongs to governmen, but before the government owned it, who owned it?  And how the government got it?”(Translation into English is mine.  The interpreter of the languages for Ras Mesfin Sileshi in Amharic and for the Oromo elders in Afan Oromo in that encounter was Pastor Gebremichael Falama; he now lives in USA).  It was said that Ras Mesfin was irritated with these lines of questions and called in security, and those elders were dragged out, beaten, handcuffed, and thrown into jail.  Those thousands, who were waiting outside of Mesfin Sileshi’s office to hear the result of their appeal, were also beaten, broken up and driven off by the police and the security forces.  The confrontation between the regime and the people, however, continued.  People refused to leave.  While the confrontation was going on, the 1974 came about, and the Haile Sillassie regime and his government were overthrown.  It was at this time those elders released from jail after many years in jail.
Again, to be recalled, this was a time where the roaring of guns from the Balee Mountains and hills by General Waqoo Guutuu were shocking the empire rulers; and the Arfan Qal’oo movement in Hararghe was on the surge, and Obbo Ibsaa Guutama’s article, “Who is Ethiopian?” came out – questioning the very foundation and the existence of the Ethiopian empire and Ethiopiawinet, and putting the colonial authorities on notice that the Oromo people are not Ethiopians, and that Ethiopia is a prison-house of nations and nationalities. It was Obbo Ibsaa Guutama’s article that influenced the students at Haile Silessie I University to understand the nature of Ethiopia and its creation, and particularly influenced Wallelign Mekonnen to write “On the Question of nationalities in Ethiopia,” arguing that “Ethiopia is not one nation.”  These were followed by the Oromo students’ article, “The Oromo: Voice against Tyranny.”  All these contributed to the political views of the time and the establishment of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF).
Continuing the history of the Dheera gathering, After the public meeting, it has been told that it was a lunch time.  For the lunch, bulls were slaughtered by elders who followed Islamic religious faith.  The General was well aware that, in the Ethiopian empire, Christians do not eat meat of animals slaughtered by Muslims, and vice versa.  With this knowledge, it was said General Taddasaa Birruu to have told the public before the lunch was served, “I know some of us are Muslims; some of us are Christians, and some of us may follow different religions, however, all of us are Oromo; we were neither born as Christian nor as Muslim, but we were born first as Oromo.” After the remark, it has been said that General Taddassaa had to say this, “Let us eat; it is slaughtered by an Oromo as a sign of respect for their guests.  This is the Oromo culture.”  It has been said that every body agreed with this concept; then all ate.  What came out of this was the re-affirmation and the re-ascertainment of the collective Oromo national identity, “We are Oromo, First.”  In another word, each said in his/her mind, soul, and heart, “I am Oromo, First” rather than religious identification or identification with imposed artificial colonial identity: Ethiopian.
Having heard what had happened in Dheera, Emperor Haile Sellassie I and his government were enraged, shocked and panicked, and in the panic, the Emperor and his government took a drastic punitive action against the leaders, the members of the Association and the Association itself.  Some members were sentenced to death by public hanging (e.g. Captain Mamo Mezimir); others were sentenced to serve short to long term in prison (e.g. Col. Alemuu Qixeessaa, Haile Mariam Gammadaa, etc.); and still some were sentenced to life in prison (e.g. Gen. Taddasaa Birruu).  The Association was then banned or outlawed.  Despite these, this Oromo greatest generation never abandoned thekaayyoo/objective they started with.  The statement of General Taddasaa Birruu set the stage for the establishment of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF).
The courage and martyrdom on Aril 15, 1980
April 15, 1980 was the martyrs’ Day, popularly known as Guyyaa Gootootaa Oromoo.  Again, the martyrdom of the whole leadership of the OLF on Aril 15, 1980 was another milepost in cementing the Oromo national identity with their blood. They follow different religious beliefs: some were Christians, some were Muslims, and some were Waqeffta, all came from different regions of Oromiyaa. What they had in common was being an Oromo.  They had Oromummaa in their bones, in their soul, in their blood and in their veins. While they were on a diplomatic mission to Somalia, they ended up in the area controlled by the anti-Oromo Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF).  The WSLF approached these Oromo Liberation Front leaders, first as friends, then turned a vicious enemy and rounded them up.  It inquired of them as to their identity.  These leaders told it that they are Oromo and members of Oromo Liberation Front on a diplomatic mission to Somalia.  Then, it inquired of their religious beliefs as to which of them are Muslims and which of them are Christians.  It asked the Muslims to stand on one side, and the Christians and the rest on the other.  These leaders refused to do so.  The purpose of the question was to identify Muslims from other religion believers so as to kill the non-Muslims.  The intention of WSLF was very clear to this Oromo leadership. This was the choice the nationalist Oromo leaders were faced.  Knowing the consequence, they all rejected such an offer of WSLF and stood together unanimously declaring that they are neither Muslims nor Christians; that they are Oromo; that they are Oromo freedom fighters; and that they are members of the Oromo Liberation Front(OLF).  They choose Oromo as their first and foremost identity.  The Oromo followers of Muslim faith knew very well that if they identify themselves as Muslims, they would be spared from death by their captors, but, they chose to face the fate of death together with their fellow comrades of another religious faith rather than betray them, the struggle, the goal of the struggle, and the national identity.  Again, all of them could have told their captors that they are Muslims, but this choice is the betrayal of their national identity – the Oromo identity.  Hence, they cheerfully chose death over betraying their national identity, the struggle, and the Oromo nations.  They struggled together, and so they died together.  Above everything else, these nationalists set a shining example of faithful devotion to the oneness of Oromo and to Oromoness orOromummaa.  By so doing, they chose their unity unto death by choosing death over betraying their national identity, and by choosing death over division on religious ground.  And they were murdered and buried in one grave.  This is the first time in the history of national liberation movements that the leadership of a Liberation Front was killed and buried together in one grave.  It was in this way the whole leadership of the OLF were martyred.  In their death and in their blood, they cemented the Oromo unity.  In their rejection of WSLF’s offer, these leaders again re-affirmed and re-asserted their national identity by declaring: “We are Oromo, First” and accepted the consequence for it.  Their names are as follow: Magarsaa Barii (nom de guerre: Bariisoo Waabii, General Secretary of the OLF), Demisee Tacaanee (nom de guerre: Gadaa Gammadaa), Abboomaa Mitikkuu (nom de guerre: Abbaa Xiiqii), Yiggazuu Bantii (nom de guerre: Doorii Barii), Falmataa Gadaa (aka Umar, Caccabsaa), Fafamaa Doyyoo, Irra’anaa Qacalee, Dhaddachaa Mul’ata, Dhaddachaa Boruu, and Marii Galan. Here, one must understand that we do not know the names of tens of thousands of the Oromo farmers, peasants, and their sons and daughters who fought and perished in this national liberation struggle, and the names of those tens of thousands who had perished in the Dergue’s notorious torture Chambers. And, of course, we do not still know the names of hundreds of thousands of Oromo nationals who have already been perished in the Tigrayan regime’s notorious torturing concentration camps.  The TPLF’s arrests, tortures, mass murders, exterminations and the evictions of the Oromo from their land are still continuing.
Here are also some of the living members of the greatest Oromo generation who have been in the struggle for a long time without despair, without vacillation, and without betraying the struggle as wind changes its direction.  These nationalists have never staggered and never shaken from the political position that they held as pressure mounted on them both from internal and external actors to persuade them to abandon the struggle for the independence of Oromiyaa.  These are nationalists of iron will, great strength, firmness of mind and determination to carry on the national liberation struggle.  Their names among the thousands are: Oromiyaa Mohammad, Aslii Oromoo (aka Aslii Mohammad), Arfaasee Gammadaa, Galaasaa Dilboo (the former General Secretary of OLF), Ibsaa Guutamaa (expandedQubee throughout Oromiyaa), Damisee K. Sardaa, Mulugetaa Moosisaa, Abiyyuu Galataa, Dhugaasaa Bakakkoo (Commander of OLA for years), Dr. Mekuria Bulcha, Abduljalil Abdalla, Dotii Turaa, Tarfaa Dibaabaa, Lubee Birruu, Kadir Said, and so on.  These men and women are among many thousands freedom fighters who have been in this struggle since the beginning of this national liberation struggle.  Their services to the Oromo nation and their struggle range from engaging in the armed struggle to jail serving time in torture chambers of Dergue as prisoners of conscience, and to informing and educating international communities about the Oromo nation and their struggle for independence – among whom Dr. Mekuria Bulcha singularly stands out.  In this Oromo national liberation struggle for independence, Dr. Mekuria Bulcha is the only person traversing the continents advocating for the cause of his country and his people in the like Dr. Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam.  I hope the other Oromo intellectuals will follow suit and go beyond paper presentations at OSA conferences to a direct and active participation by taking an active advocacy role for the independence of Oromiyaa.
As it is clear, the Oromo nationalists’ dedication to the struggle for the independence of Oromiyaa have already nurtured and inspired a new generation of freedom fighters- the Qubee generation.  Today, theQubee generation — audacious, fearless and full of energy, and love for struggle for independence of Oromiyaa — are in the forefront.  Indeed, it is the men and women of the greatest Oromo generation that gave voice to the Oromo people and put Oromiyaa on the map, created Qubee, united the nation, raised high the banner of independence, and the Oromo national consciousness to be proud of being Oromo.  It is a generation that has already won the war of political propaganda against the Oromo loyalists of the Abyssinian empire and their foreign sponsors.  Hence, because of this generation’s sacrifice and its collective strength, the struggle has now passed a milestone on the road to independence.  Indeed, it is a generation of lofty achievement.  These are what make this generation to stand out as the greatest Oromo generation since colonization of Oromiyaa.  In order to carry out this national liberation struggle to its final conclusion requires a politically conscious, and a highly motivated new generation of fighting force and population.
It must be understood, however, some members of the generation have failed to measure up to the greatness.  They regressed and fell out or dropped out from the struggle.  In the beginning, these individuals joined the liberation struggle as nationalists preaching about the independence of Oromiyaa, and in the end, they turned into political crooks preaching federalization of the Empire state of Ethiopia.  They have become a shame to the nation.  The former members of the Oromo Dialogue Forum and the new constellation of ideologically and politically in the Abyssinian camp and singing “Ethiopian empire federalization” song, namely the Oromo Democratic Front (ODF), has been and are those who have failed to measure up to the greatness of that generation. They abandoned the struggle, the struggle they initially joined.  Having said this, however, I have no desire or intention to bury their positive contribution that they might have made in this struggle.  The ODF has been crisscrossing American, Canadian, and European cities preaching about peace in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa, but it failed to understand that we have been fighting for independence for more than forty years against the colonialists of our country.  The struggle for the independence of Oromiyaa is a struggle for peace and dignity of the people and, of course, we cherish peace, peace in Horn of Africa, peace in Africa, and the world over, peace with dignity and independence, but we will never surrender our struggle for independence to purchase peace with any external or internal force or power.  This is a principle upon which the greatest Oromo generation started armed struggle for independence against the colonizer fifty years ago and have sacrificed their lives for it.  The recent declaration of “I am Oromo, First” by Ob. Jawar Mohammad to Femi OKe’s question “Are you Oromo first, or Ethiopian first” on Al Jazeera’s Stream is an oath by new Qubee generation to continue the struggle for independence that commenced by the greatest Oromo generation.  Hence, no betrayal from our ranks can force us to surrender after so long struggle and so much sacrifice of men, women and children for the independence of their country.
It is important to use a parable to understand the problem the Oromo struggle is going through today.  Consider an analogy of a moving train.  In its journey, a train moves on until its final destination.  At every station on the journey, one gets on it and another one gets off it, the train, however, continues on until it reaches its destination.  This is true with a national liberation struggle.  It is for this, a national liberation struggle resembles a moving train and so, as a train, it also keeps on moving.  National liberation struggle is a protracted struggle.  It goes on a long journey.  On its journey, it does not have a quick fix.  There is no a shortcut; no easy way out; it takes a long, difficult and tiresome journey to get to its destination.  As a result, some individuals get tired of it and quit the journey.  Hence, there are quitters who quite the struggle because they feel tired to fight on and so choose to surrender.  However, the determined and resolute ones continue the journey to its destination.  Again, there are also new ones who get on the train.  The struggle, however, continues on until its final destination.  This problem should not be a surprise to Oromo nationalists because the Oromo national liberation struggle is facing the same problem those national liberation struggles faced before.
The empire loyalists attack on the greatest Oromo generation
We need to understanding the genesis of the attack.  First, the attack begins with the attack on theKaayyoo of the generation. Then, collaboration with the enemy against the Kaayyoo followed. Here, one needs to understand that, to collaborate with the enemy is not new.  Collaboration with the enemy was here yesterday; it is here today; and it will be here tomorrow.  It has been around throughout history.  Beginning with the colonization of the south, Oromiyaa included, the Abyssinian colonial rulers promoted a policy of rapid Abyssinianization of the children of the colonized peoples.  First, Finfinnee was renamed Addis Ababa to be the Abyssinianization city of the empire.  It has been made the epicenter of political power of the empire from where the Abyssinian empire state’s political elites have been exercising their power outward.  With this, attacks on the Oromo people and their very conception of themselves (Oromummaa – Oromoness) was started and still going on.  Abyssinians despised Oromummaa and scoffed at it.  This was followed with the attack on their culture, their language, their religion, and their institutions.  Attempt to replace Oromummaa by Abyssinianization/Ethiopianization or Itoophiyaawinnatihas been undertaken at every level over years in schools, courts, bureaucracy, mass media, music, sports, and etc.  It was in this way some Oromo children were melted into Abyssinian political culture, and became propagators of its politics of empire federalization.  Such Oromo individuals and groups have been casting and re-casting themselves as “Oromo-Ethiopians” to fit the Abyssinian political ethos.  Hence, these individuals or groups have become “Ethiopians” in the Oromo mask.  The Abyssinians call such individuals by various names, such as “Xiruu Oromo/good Oromo,” “temaanyi Oromo/faithful Oromo,” and “yeselaxanee Oromo/civilized Oromo,” and recently even went to the extent of calling them “ye Ethiopia Mandela/Mandela of Ethiopia” and et cetera.
The Abyssinian colonial empire raised such children of colonized people on a staple political diet, a political diet that has become dangerous to the Oromo struggle.  The diet anaesthetized them and made them dormant, obedient, loyal, Ethiopian law observers, and yes men and women to any question put to them by Abyssinians or external forces.  It was for these reasons they lost negotiations at the London Conference.  Today, it is these groups or individuals who are fiercely fighting with all their resources for “Ethiopian citizenship” and its “citizenship rights,” and it is these groups that have been clinging tenaciously to the political position of the Ethiopian empire federalization. Recently, a representative of the Abyssinianized Oromo group, the ODF, has started a political campaign with violence hitherto unknown in the Oromo society.  This is exemplified by the ODF’s violence against the Oromo nationalists in Calgary, Canada (August 31, 2013). The question is why it took this line.  The reason is simple; it inherited from the Abyssinian culture.  Violence and intimidation are the Abyssinian ways.  With a few exceptions, the majority of its members are former Dergue cadres and functionaries.
Choosing sides: Patriots, Loyalists and Neutralists
Throughout history, history has been witnessing three camps of nationals in every national liberation struggle or in every revolutionary war against colonial empire.  These are the camps of Patriots, of Loyalists and of the Neutralists.  Since the waging of the wars of national liberation struggle, the Oromo people have seen these three camps of Oromo nationals: Ethiopian loyalists, neutralists, and the Oromo patriotic nationalists.  The questions then are who are the loyalists? Who are neutralists? And who are patriots?
Here, the issue is based on whether to support the war of national liberation for the independence of Oromiyaa or remain loyal to the empire, or remain neutral.  Some Oromo nationals could not decide which side to choose and remained neutrals as the war of national liberation continues; as genocide is committed on their people and as their country is mutilated by the enemy.  These are called neutralists.  Such nationals stand aloof from their people’s struggle; they stand on the sidelines looking on silently as the enemy annihilates their people; they are silent observers; a coldblooded ones.  Neutralists always wait for a winner of a contest to ally with.  The neutralists accommodate the stronger or whom they perceive to be a stronger.  There are many such Oromo individuals in the Diaspora.  But you must be warned that your neutrality or your silence will not protect you when you are asked by the Oromo people as to what you did to help them in the time of their trials and tribulations.  Neutrality or silence cannot be an answer.
Martin Niemoller, a German Protestant pastor, described the  danger of neutrality or silence during the Nazi’s extermination of communists, socialists, labor unions, the Jews, the hippies and etc. in Europe in this terms:
“In Germany, first they [Nazis] came for the communists; and I did not speak out, because I was not a communist. Then, they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out, because I was not a socialist.  Then, they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out, because I was not a trade unionist.  Then, they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out, because I was not a Jew.  Then, they came for Catholics, and I did not speak out, because I was a Protestant.  Then, they came for me, and there was no one left to speak out for me.”
The moral of the story must be clear.  Its lesson is simple.  It entails, as a citizen of a nation, nationals have individual and collective responsibility.  If something wrong is done, the nationals must speak out as individuals and as collectives.  If not individually and collectively, the nationals are responsible for the wrong and be held accountable for it the same as the one who did wrong.  Here, to make it clear, since coming to power, the Ethiopian colonial regime of TPLF/EPDM has been and is committing atrocious crimes against the  Oromo people and their country. It has been and still is arresting, torturing, killing, committing mass murder and evicting the Oromo people from their land and selling and leasing their land in the global market to the global and local land grabbers.  If you do not fight out these or if you keep silence or make business with this regime, you are aiding and abetting the enemy through your silence or through doing business with it for selfish gain.  Everyone must understand clearly that, to be neutral, to be passive is to collaborate with what is going on.  For these, you are equally responsible for the crime.  You will be held responsible for your action; the action through your silence or doing business with the enemy. You can never escape from such a crime.
Most Oromo nationals, however, have chosen sides.  Those who support the independence of Oromiyaa from Ethiopia are known as patriots; nationalists.  These include the broad masses of the Oromo people, the freedom fighters, the supporters, and the sympathizers of the struggle for independence.  The patriots fight a people’s war; a people’s war (PW) is a protracted war of liberation.  OLF is such an organization of patriotic forces.  It is for this, the OLF is indistinguishable from the Oromo people.
Those who choose to support empire “federalization,” or its “democratization” are known as loyalists of the empire.  Hence, loyalists are those who collaborate with empire to maintain it.  The Ethiopian empire has produced many loyalists, and bystanders through the promotion of Ethiopia as the “opium of a colonized people,” a drug to prevent them from national political awareness as the Oromo nationalists and the Oromo people are in the national liberation struggle.  In this way, Ethiopian loyalists have been anesthetized to colonial injustices, and so they became collaborators.  It is these collaborators who have been subverting Oromo national liberation struggle by prioritizing profit or self-interest over patriotism.  Such categories of groups have fallen into a state of insensibility to the worsening condition imposed upon Oromiyaa and its people by the TPLF.
As noted in the above paragraph, those who oppose the independence of Oromiyaa from Ethiopia are known as Empire Loyalists.  Some loyalists actively and openly collaborate with the enemy; they advocate for the political position of the Ethiopian empire elites.  They have been and are the reformists of the empire.  They make alliance with the strategic enemy of their country and people.  Such loyalists are represented by the Oromo Democratic Front (ODF).  Most loyalists who oppose the independence of Oromiyaa have a close business or political ties to Ethiopia and friendship or association with Ethiopian elites.  There is a high concentration of loyalists in Diaspora.  These loyalists stand idly by, silently approving and loudly applauding the TPLF policy as it mows down their people.  These are extreme loyalists with no soul, no inner convictions, no moral and ethical code to follow.  Such individuals have already wormed their way inside the social, political, community, sport and civic, and other Oromo organizations to plague practice of passivity and spectatorship within the members so as not to support the struggle for the independence of Oromiyaa.  Besides these category of loyalists, however, many loyalists agree with the Oromo patriots that Ethiopia is a colonial empire, that the Oromo people have suffered and still suffering at the hands of the Abyssinian/Ethiopian colonial rulers, but these loyalist collaborators hope, wish, and believe that a peaceful reconciliation with the Ethiopian government is possible through “federalization,” “democratization,” and “citizenship, and citizenship rights.”
Furthermore, there are also some empires loyalists – those who secretly infiltrate the nationalist camps.  Their purpose is to work from within the organizations to sow seeds of discord and confusion to create vacillation, and then division within the rank of nationalists.  To reach this goal, they have been pursuing a policy of neutralization of nationals.  Such groups have swords in their hands to divide nationalists; their swords are confusion and clumsy ideas.  The loyalists who are embedded in organizations are the army of the empire and are the most dangerous ones.  All in all, the Ethiopian empire loyalists’ political position is incompatible with the political position of the Oromo patriots and the Oromo people – the independence of Oromiyaa.  It must be clear that colonialism is and remains irreconcilable with independence.
Throughout history of national struggle, we also found some nationals with pacifist inclinations.  Such nationals seem to favor “political solution” to the colonial question which means to get liberty and justice to the colonial question through “peaceful negotiation.”  In this case, the OLF has already tried it time and again without success.  The question is this:  what one has to negotiate for when an intruder is in one’s house and lay a claim on it that that house belongs to him or her?  This is the question between Oromo and Abyssinian colonial authority.  The logic is simple that one has to abandon the house voluntarily since the two cannot be masters of the same house at the same time or one has to eliminate the other by force.  Over a century ago, an intruder entered our house and claimed ownership of it eliminating or subduing us by force.  The intruder became a mater; we became tenants.  Still we are tenants but now we are laying a re-claim of ownership as a master of the house; metaphorically speaking, the house is Oromiyaa.  Now two masters are claiming the ownership of the same house.  The one is the intruder who broke into the house and the other is the real original master who built the house.  Here, both masters cannot exist side by side; one has to eliminate the other.  This takes only force.  This is what the struggle between the colonizer and the colonized means.  I believe we must come to understanding that it is a naive dream, a pious wish and utterly futile to expect peace, liberty and justice, equality, freedom and independence through a peaceful means in a world where might is right.  Ethiopia is such an empire where might is right.  For this, we need to establish a mighty and superior force to drive out the intruder.  It was with this understanding; the greatest Oromo generation established the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA).  Now, it is time to strength it by transforming it into a mighty and superior force.
In view of the foregoing, it is wrong to assume that all those who belong to the same nations, share same national origin, a common language, a common history, common customs and traditions, common culture, and within a defined territory of their own have the same sense of national identity and even more, the desire for independence after having lived under alien rule or empire for so long.  Some nationals develop dual identity or multiple identities.  One identity is their nation identity and the other is the identity of the colonizer or dominant or powerful nation that conquered and colonized their country and dominated their nation’s political, ideological, economic, and social life.  Such nationals oftentimes identify themselves more closely with the dominant nation’s identity.  This reminds us what Dr. Kofi Busia of Ghana, a person who was instrumental in overthrowing Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and his government, has to say in his interview with Richard Wright before Ghana was granted independence, “I was British, a Westerner, and am educated in the West.”  At another time, he told the London Times, “Oxford has made me what I am today.”  These mean Dr. Busia’s identity was more British than the Ghanaians.  His identity was shaped by British Empire and its institutions.  Dr. Kofi Busia was a leader of National Liberation Movement (NLM) during Ghanaians struggle for independence.  He and NLM pleaded with British Colonial Government to deny granting independence to Ghana arguing that Ghana was not ready for independence since, in his view, Ghanaians were not matured for “Parliamentary democracy.”  Here is what Dr. Busia told the British Colonial Authorities: “We will need you in the Gold Coast [now Ghana]….Your experiment there is not complete.  Sometimes I wonder why you seem such in a hurry to wash your hands off us.”  This plea was against Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s and his Convention Peoples Party’s (CPP) and the Ghanaian people demand, “independence now.”
Today, ODF and its leaders are running the same political campaign as Dr. Kofi Busia and his NLM.  ODF and its leaders have been going on Ethiopian media outlets such as ESAT and etc telling the same stories as Kofi Busia and his NLM told The London Times and others. The wordings may differ but the core messages are the same -denying independence.  Calling for “federalization,” or “democratization,” of the empire or calling for “citizenship rights” in the Ethiopian empire, including colonial Oromiyaa in it is simply a call for denying independence to Oromiyaa.
The reason given varies for having a dominant nation’s identity. Among these, one is psychological inferiorization of children at their young age. The culture and political teaching of a domineering nation imposes stigmatized identity through teaching and association on a certain group within a colonized nation.  The stigmatized individuals adopt the identity of the dominant nation as a way of escaping inferiority complex.  The others reasons are a result of long-time living together, friendship, association, acculturation, assimilation, conversion, to colonizer’s  way of life, values, attitude and behavior, interests and class solidarity.  And still another reason is a sheer opportunistic narrow selfish political and financial interest. These make one to work against the interest of one’s own people on the behalf of the dominant nation.  In a time of war of national liberation against colonial occupation, the colonized people can ill afford leaders with myopic points of view: empire federalization.  Hence, in the eyes of the Oromo people, such individuals and leaders who undermine Oromo unity and their struggle for independence in favor of empire federalization are guilty of an intolerable blasphemy.
In the national liberation struggle, what is needed is a militant and forward-looking leadership that leads the nation to liberation; a leadership with a sufficient political will and commitment to take a swift action.  It is the nationals who create leadership, nurture, and support it.  For this, nationals need to study their own members with a view to choose capable, committed, competent, and dependable ones into leadership positions to keep the struggle going, as well as the need to conscientize the members.  For this, it is vitally important that organizations need to recruit the best and brightest nationals into the membership not the robots.
All in all, beginning with the occupation of Oromiyaa and ever since there have been Oromo elements within Oromo society that turned out collaborators with the colonizers. As the Oromo people continue their resistance against occupation the collaborators too intensified their collaborations. Collaboration began with Gobana Daacce, and his associates then followed with the formation of balabbats -the middlemen between Nafxanyaas and the Oromo people.  These middlemen were the local Oromo landlords.  The Oromo lands were owned by the colonialist Nafxanyaas and the Oromo landlords.  With the demise of balabbat system OPDO was established in 1989 and replaced the Balabbat system.  The OPDO’s usefulness for the empire is now over and finally it is on its death throe.  Not only the OPDO but also other Oromo organizations that joined the colonial government to maintain the empire are now swallowed by varies Abyssinian political organizations.  ODF is a new project of the late PM Meles Zenawi in coordination with some Oromo elements within the Oromo nationals and it is sponsored and financed by various foreign governments.  The TPLF barbarism towards the Oromo people ,using its puppet the OPDO, has reached its zenith with a widespread of arrests, gruesome torture, killings, drumbeating trails, death sentences, forced population expulsion from their lands and selling and leasing of those lands to the international multi-national land grabbers.  Now with near death of OPDO, the Abyssinians are in the process of replace it in their attempt to maintain and control the empire through the other Loyalist organization, the ODF as their new puppet.  On the other hand, the patriotic nationalists continued fighting along their people for the independence of Oromiyaa ever since the occupation, while the capitulationists are campaigning to maintain the occupation of Oromiyaa. If you look at the Oromo history ever since their occupation, you can see that the nationalists always fight for the independence of Oromiyaa while the collaborators always welcome the conquerors. They always submit to the alien occupiers. They not only submit to the conquerors but also always please the conquerors very well by their services, obedience, loyalty and faithfulness. The collaborators never resist conquerors, like the nationalists and patriots.  ODF is such a collaborator organization. It wants the Oromo people to submit to the Abyssinian colonial power, the alien occupier of our country. As we have recently seen as the Oromo patriots rejected and opposed the collaborators’ idea on submission to Ethiopia/Abyssinia at a forum of ODF on August 31, 2013 in Calgary, Canada, the ODF hired squad of hit men to attack Oromo patriots to please its Abyssinian masters.  Its hired hit men physically attacked Oromo patriots.  These hired hit-men specifically targeted the Oromo patriotic nationalist women for attack, among whom is Oromiyaa Mohammad, to physically hurt them. The ODF has targeted the greatest Oromo generation for attack. It is clear that the greatest Oromo generation is under attack by the collaborators of the colonizers and the Loyalists of Ethiopian Empire since the colonization of Oromiyaa and it is still continuing.
Before and since it was established, ODF has been preaching about federalization of the empire and participating in elections, amending constitution and to make a colonized people a citizenry of the empire.  Through time, its opportunistic manipulators members have learned to mask themselves by such words and phrases as self-determination and equality.  All these mean submitting to the occupier, which is an absolute reflection of Abyssinian political tricks and its foreign sponsors.
In the end, despite the attack on it, the greatest Oromo generation has set the stage in motion for the national liberation and the road to independence through their sacrifice.  In their sacrifice, many achievements have already been made.  The remaining are the total liberation of Oromiyaa, the raising of the national flag in the United Nations as a member of international community, and the playing of the Oromo national anthem in Finfinnee and across Oromiyaa. To achieve these, it is time for the Oromo nationalists to unite and go forward together with united strength, hand-in-hand and shoulder-to-shoulder.  At the same time, it is time for the Oromo scholars both individually and collectively to actively promote the struggle for independence of Oromiyaa, participate and passionately support the Oromo people and their nationalists struggle with all necessary means in their struggle to restore the nation identity, dignity and self-determination.
Finally, I would leave you with the famous words of the late Dr. Sheekh Mohammad Rashaad Abdullee, an Oromo passionate nationalist, a patriot and a member of the greatest Oromo generation.  Dr. Rashaad Abdullee summed up the goal of the Oromo national liberation struggle and the birth-right of the Oromo people in these words:
Aangoo hin gaafannee abbaa biyyummaatii,
Kabajjaa mulqamne mirga namummaatii!
Oromiyaa Shall BE Free!